Microbial functional potential and community composition in permafrost-affected soils of the NW Canadian Arctic

  1. Get@NRC: Microbial functional potential and community composition in permafrost-affected soils of the NW Canadian Arctic (Opens in a new window)
DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084761
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Journal titlePLoS ONE
Article numbere84761
Subjectcarbon; nitrogen; RNA 16S; amplicon; Archean; arctic tundra; bacterial gene; Candida antarctica; carbon cycling; climate change; controlled study; environmental factor; gene function; gene identification; genetic heterogeneity; geographic distribution; microbial community; molecular dynamics; nitrogen cycling; permafrost; polymerase chain reaction; quantitative analysis; sequence analysis; soil analysis; species composition; species diversity; species richness; Arctic Regions; Cold Temperature; Polymerase Chain Reaction; Soil Microbiology
AbstractPermafrost-affected soils are among the most obvious ecosystems in which current microbial controls on organic matter decomposition are changing as a result of global warming. Warmer conditions in polygonal tundra will lead to a deepening of the seasonal active layer, provoking changes in microbial processes and possibly resulting in exacerbated carbon degradation under increasing anoxic conditions. To identify current microbial assemblages in carbon rich, water saturated permafrost environments, four polygonal tundra sites were investigated on Herschel Island and the Yukon Coast, Western Canadian Arctic. Ion Torrent sequencing of bacterial and archaeal 16S rRNA amplicons revealed the presence of all major microbial soil groups and indicated a local, vertical heterogeneity of the polygonal tundra soil community with increasing depth. Microbial diversity was found to be highest in the surface layers, decreasing towards the permafrost table. Quantitative PCR analysis of functional genes involved in carbon and nitrogen-cycling revealed a high functional potential in the surface layers, decreasing with increasing active layer depth. We observed that soil properties driving microbial diversity and functional potential varied in each study site. These results highlight the small-scale heterogeneity of geomorphologically comparable sites, greatly restricting generalizations about the fate of permafrost-affected environments in a warming Arctic.
Publication date
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; Energy, Mining and Environment
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21272710
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Record identifier4075dadb-2699-44b2-a0c2-d2413a664cbc
Record created2014-12-03
Record modified2016-05-09
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