Canadian highway bridge evaluation: load and resistance factors

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Journal titleCanadian Journal of Civil Engineering
Pages9921006; # of pages: 15
AbstractConsistent load and resistance factors are developed for a range of target values of the reliability index, ß, following first-order second-moment analysis techniques for use in the evaluation of highway bridges. Dead load factors are established for steel girders, concrete girders, concrete bridge decks, and wearing surfaces, taking into account the statistical variations of weights and the range of load fractions as determined from field measurements. Live load factors are established for four categories of live loads: NP ? non-permit traffic that are permitted by legislation; PM ? permit, multiple trip, bulk haul, divisible loads; PS ? permit, single trip, unsupervised, mixed with non-permit traffic; and PC ? permit, controlled, supervised extremely heavy loads with escort. These live load factors are based on field surveys of truck weights, in Alberta and elsewhere. The event curves for NP, PS, and PM traffic have been used to determine the maximum annual truck, as the period of evaluation was chosen as 1 year based on a life-safety criterion-related to the consequences of failure. Because PC traffic is so rare, it was dealt with on an event basis. Impact data of others were analyzed to determine the appropriate bias coefficients and coefficients of variation. Uncertainties in the transverse distribution of both dead and live loads were also considered.Resistance factors are based on statistical data reported in the literature and take into account the variation in material properties, member size, and the resistance formulations. Key words: dead and live load factors, resistance factors, impact, maximum annual, traffic categories, transverse distribution, weight fractions.
Publication date
AffiliationNRC Institute for Research in Construction; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number35221
NPARC number20375236
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Record identifier407ff74e-b472-44eb-87d5-5a8c3fbe8026
Record created2012-07-23
Record modified2016-05-09
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