Nickel hydroxides and related materials: A review of their structures, synthesis and properties

  1. Get@NRC: Nickel hydroxides and related materials: A review of their structures, synthesis and properties (Opens in a new window)
DOIResolve DOI:
AuthorSearch for: ; Search for: ; Search for: ; Search for:
Journal titleProceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
Article number20140792
SubjectCharacterization; Electrochemical oxidation; Hydrothermal synthesis; Impurities; Intercalation; Materials properties; Mechanical properties; Nickel; Sol-gels; Stresses; Structure (composition); Synthesis (chemical); Vibrations (mechanical); Chemical precipitation; Electrical and mechanical properties; Electrochemical precipitation; Microwave assisted synthesis; Nickel hydroxides; Solvothermal synthesis; Sonochemical method; Precipitation (chemical)
AbstractThis review article summarizes the last few decades of research on nickel hydroxide, an important material in physics and chemistry, that has many applications in engineering including, significantly, batteries. First, the structures of the two known polymorphs, denoted as α-Ni(OH)2 and β-Ni(OH)2, are described. The various types of disorder,which are frequently present in nickel hydroxide materials, are discussed including hydration, stacking fault disorder, mechanical stresses and the incorporation of ionic impurities. Several related materials are discussed, including intercalated α-derivatives and basic nickel salts. Next, a number of methods to prepare, or synthesize, nickel hydroxides are summarized, including chemical precipitation, electrochemical precipitation, sol - gel synthesis, chemical ageing, hydrothermal and solvothermal synthesis, electrochemical oxidation, microwaveassisted synthesis, and sonochemical methods. Finally, the known physical properties of the nickel hydroxides are reviewed, including their magnetic, vibrational, optical, electrical and mechanical properties. The last section in this paper is intended to serve as a summary of both the potentially useful properties of these materials and the methods for the identification and characterization of 'unknown' nickel hydroxide-based samples.
Publication date
PublisherThe Royal Society
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; Energy, Mining and Environment; Measurement Science and Standards
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21275740
Export citationExport as RIS
Report a correctionReport a correction
Record identifier41a7c9d5-761e-4089-a7c8-fecaa6275dce
Record created2015-07-14
Record modified2016-05-09
Bookmark and share
  • Share this page with Facebook (Opens in a new window)
  • Share this page with Twitter (Opens in a new window)
  • Share this page with Google+ (Opens in a new window)
  • Share this page with Delicious (Opens in a new window)