Growth and reproduction of the earthworm Eisenia fetida after exposure to leachate from wood preservatives

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2007.01.006
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TypeArticle
Journal titleEcotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Volume69
Issue2
Pages219226; # of pages: 8
SubjectCopper; env
AbstractWood preserved with chromated copper arsenate (CCA) and alkaline copper quaternary (ACQ) was mixed with artificial rainwater, to generate leachates containing As, Cr and Cu. Then, leachates were applied to two soils at rates of 13�169 mg As kg-1 soil (dry weight basis), 12�151 mg Cr kg-1 and 10�216 mg Cu kg-1. Metal bioavailability was evaluated after 28 days using the earthworm Eisenia fetida (Savigny). Metal concentrations in earthworm tissue ranged from negligible to 80 mg As kg-1 (dry weight basis), 89 mg Cr kg-1 and 90 mg Cu kg-1, which appeared to be non-lethal to E. fetida. There was less Cu available to earthworms in the Courval soil (pH 7.8) than the Ch�teauguay soil (pH 6.8), but earthworm previous termgrowth and reproductionnext term were not affected by exposure to Cu from ACQ-treated wood. In contrast, earthworms exposed to As, Cr and Cu from the CCA-treated wood gained weight more quickly in the Courval soil (1.3�21 mg g-1 initial biomass days) than in the Ch�teauguay soil (0.2�7.8 mg g-1 day-1), but fewer than 20% of the cocoons deposited by the faster-growing earthworms hatched by the end of the 56 days ecotoxicology test. It appeared that E. fetida can allocate more energy to previous termgrowth than reproduction,next term delaying cocoon development and hatching in some situations. Further information is needed on the soil factors that may induce such behavior, as it can affect the interpretation of results from the earthworm ecotoxicology test.
Publication date
AffiliationNRC Biotechnology Research Institute; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedNo
NRC number49028
NPARC number3539387
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Record identifier4210f0bc-4f92-491d-9340-6da4fee38b28
Record created2009-03-01
Record modified2016-05-09
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