Heteroatom enhanced sodium ion capacity and rate capability in a hydrogel derived carbon give record performance in a hybrid ion capacitor

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.nanoen.2016.03.014
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TypeArticle
Journal titleNano Energy
ISSN2211-2855
Volume23
Pages129137
SubjectSodium ion battery; NIB; SIB; Supercapacitor; Ultracapacitor; Grapheme; Lithium ion battery; LIB; Anode; Cathode
AbstractWe employed a polypyrrole hydrogel precursor to create a carbon framework that possesses both huge heteroatom content (13 wt% nitrogen and 11 wt% oxygen) and high surface area (945 m² g⁻¹) that is equally divided between micropores and mesopores. A sodium ion capacitor (NIC, HIC) electrode fabricated from this N and O Functionalized Carbon (NOFC) has tremendous reversible capacity and rate capability, e.g. 437 mA h g⁻¹ at 100 mA g⁻¹, and 185 mA h g⁻¹ at 1600 mA g⁻¹. This is among the most favorable reported, and is due to copious nanoporosity that enables fast ion sorption at the many N and O moieties and graphene defects. The NOFC imbues a NIC device with energy–power characteristics that are not only state-of-the-art for Na hybrids, but also rival Li systems: Ragone chart placement is 111 W h kg⁻¹ and 38 W h kg⁻¹ at 67 W kg⁻¹ and 14,550 W kg⁻¹, respectively, with 90% capacity retention at over 5000 charge/discharge cycles.
Publication date
PublisherElsevier
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Institute for Nanotechnology; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
IdentifierS2211285516300374
NPARC number23000100
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Record identifier44c78ece-a307-4bf5-bb34-5ae784b3f2a5
Record created2016-06-02
Record modified2016-06-02
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