Surface-enhanced Raman and resonant Rayleigh scatterings from adsorbate saturated nanoparticles

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Journal titleThe journal of physical chemistry. C, Nanomaterials and interfaces
Pages73567363; # of pages: 8
AbstractCollective excitation of conduction electrons in metallic nanoparticles (NP) sustains surface plasmon resonance (SPR) resulting in a large and highly localized amplification of the incident electromagnetic field near the metal NP. This in turn enhances scattered radiation from any molecule in this neighborhood and is the enabling mechanism of surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). The optical response of the NPs is highly dependent on their composition, size, shape, and dielectric environment as well as on coupling with nearby particles. In this study, the surfaces of isolated gold NPs and NP dimers, trimers, and multimers were saturated with a Raman reporter molecule (4-(mercaptomethyl)benzonitrile), SERS intensity and surface plasmon resonance profiles were measured, and these were correlated with the nanostructure geometry as revealed by atomic force microscopy (AFM). Dark-field optical microscopy aided in the selection of isolated NPs and was used for measurements of their SPR in the form of resonant Rayleigh scattering spectroscopy. Among all of the probed NPs, all aggregates, including dimers, trimers, and other multimers showed intense SERS activity. All but one of the gold monomers that were examined exhibited no detectable SERS activity. The one exception was an individual triangular nanoprism for which a very weak but detectable SERS signature was observed. We have also calculated the spatial electric field distribution about a spherical monomer, a triangular nanoprism and a dimer of spheres to elucidate the observed differences in their SERS response. The combination of high resolution AFM imaging and light scattering spectroscopies in this study highlights the interdependency of the NP structure, its corresponding SPR response and the role they play in forging strong SERS activity.
Publication date
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
AffiliationNRC Steacie Institute for Molecular Sciences; National Research Council Canada; NRC Institute for Microstructural Sciences
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number16925492
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Record identifier451dea07-e38c-46b0-88de-3ffae6b6b0d9
Record created2011-02-25
Record modified2016-05-09
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