Prostaglandin E2 modulation of gene expression in an Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) macrophage-like cell line (SHK-1)

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.dci.2005.03.007
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TypeArticle
Journal titleDevelopmental & Comparative Immunology
Volume29
Issue11
Pages951963; # of pages: 13
SubjectReal-time PCR; gene expression; cytokines; IL-1b; TNFa; MHC I; MHC II; TGF?; COX-2; inflammation; macrophage-like cell line; prostaglandin E2; Atlantic salmon
AbstractFollowing lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulation of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) macrophage-like SHK-1 cells, prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) exhibited dose-dependent inhibition of the antigen presenting molecules major histocompatability class I and II and the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-1b gene expression. Prostaglandin E2 was found to be stimulatory towards cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression at higher concentrations (1!10K6 and 1!10K8 M) and inhibitory at lower concentrations (1!10K10 and 1!10K12 M) after 4 h exposure. After 24 h exposure, however, LPS-induced COX-2 expression decreased and was completely inhibited by all PGE2 concentrations (1!10K6–1!10K10 M). Incubation of SHK-1 cells with LPS alone had no effect on tumour necrosis factor a (TNFa)-like gene or transforming growth factor b-like gene expression after 4 h, however, LPS and PGE2 showed a synergistic effect on TNFa-like gene expression after 24 h. This study provides evidence for the existence of a PGE2-mediated negative feedback mechanism in the control of PGs through down-regulation of COX-2, as well as for inflammatory responses by the down-regulation of both COX-2 and IL-1b. The differential regulation of immune-related genes under these conditions further demonstrates the usefulness of the SHK-1 cell line for studying aspects of salmonid immunology.
Publication date
PublisherElsevier
Copyright noticeCopyright © 2005 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved.
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNRC Institute for Marine Biosciences; National Research Council Canada; NRC Genomics and Health Initiative; Industrial Research Assistance Program
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number42476
1415
NPARC number3538549
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Record identifier456a15d8-3ef0-4bbb-b43d-cc6b81f6944b
Record created2009-03-01
Record modified2016-05-09
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