Downslope soil movement at a sub-arctic location with regard to variations with depth

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Journal titleCanadian Geotechnical Journal
Pages191203; # of pages: 13
AbstractSoil movements resulting from solifluction or similar processes have been investigated at Schefferville, P.Q., Canada, where the variation of movement with depth below the surface was specially considered. Tubes up to 2 m long were inserted vertically in the ground and their subsequent deformation (if any) measured withspecial probes, which passed down the tubes in situ. Some sites proved to be entirely stable despite vegetational characteristics that might have been related to disturbance. Movements at the surface ofmore than 10 cm/yr. were recorded on a 20" bare slope covered with small stones. Similar large movements were recorded on a lobate terrace-like feature with a general 8 to l0° slope. The distribution ofmovement with depth was such as to produce a typically concave downslope form in the tubes. The movements varied in intensity and from year to year; they decreased with depth, and were not measurable below about 1 m. Although they are similar to those observed by Rapp and others, they are remarkable in view of the slight slope on which they occurred. Analysis shows that consolidation following frost heave isprobably not the sole cause. A stability calculation of the type commonly used for engineering purposes would have given no indication of the occurrence of movements of the magnitude observed. They mighthave been suspected, however, from geomorphological considerations of the origin of the surface features of the affected area.
Publication date
AffiliationNRC Institute for Research in Construction; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedNo
NRC number9306
NPARC number20375468
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Record identifier456dcb65-814a-4611-8b65-23735e116abb
Record created2012-07-23
Record modified2016-05-09
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