Adhesive surface interactions of cellulose nanocrystals from different sources

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-012-6247-z
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TypeArticle
Journal titleJournal of Materials Science
ISSN0022-2461
1573-4803
Volume47
Issue9
Pages39613970; # of pages: 10
AbstractAdhesion plays an important role in the final properties of nanocomposites. This study explored the surface interaction of cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) and the effect of CNC sources on adhesion between individual CNCs and the Si tip of an AFM cantilever using a force mapping technique called FMap. The adhesion between CNCs and a Si tip from five different sources has been studied: cotton, Whatman filter paper, hemp, softwood chemical kraft pulp, and softwood-dissolving pulp (alistaple). Mica was used as the background substrate to act as an internal standard. This study’s findings suggest that adhesion is not the same for all CNCs. Transmission electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy were used to determine the size and shape of each CNC. The experimental quantitative data showed that adhesion between CNCs and the Si tip has a close correlation with the diameter of the CNCs. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy confirmed the presence of sulfate groups on the surface of the CNCs and a correlation between adhesion and surface chemistry of the CNCs was observed.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Institute for Nanotechnology; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
Identifier6247
NPARC number21268386
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Record identifier46003444-0fa1-4c00-acb4-49ded35476bb
Record created2013-07-08
Record modified2016-05-09
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