Spray coated high-conductivity PEDOT:PSS transparent electrodes for stretchable and mechanically-robust organic solar cells

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2012.09.005
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TypeArticle
Journal titleSolar Energy Materials and Solar Cells
ISSN0927-0248
Volume110
Pages98106; # of pages: 9
SubjectITO-free; PEDOT:PSS; Polymer Solar Cells; Spray coating; Stretchable electronics; Bending tests; Conversion efficiency; Electrodes; Ethylene glycol; Flexible electronics; Organic solvents; Solar cells; Conducting polymers
AbstractHigh conductivity poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(4-styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) was spray cast to form highly flexible transparent electrodes for forward- and inverted-mode organic solar cells (OSCs). A multiple solvent ink containing ethylene glycol was developed, and a post-deposition annealing step contributed to a high conductivity of 1070±50 S cm-¹. Sheet resistance and transmission at a wavelength of 550 nm were controlled within 24-259 Ω □-¹ and 71-95%, respectively, which are amongst the best-reported combined characteristics. Forward-mode OSCs with spray coated PEDOT:PSS anodes yielded a power conversion efficiency of 3.2%. Mechanical bending and stretching tests demonstrated that the flexibility of these PEDOT:PSS layers were far superior to that of ITO: elastic moduli were reduced by more than an order of magnitude, and the resistance increased far more slowly under both uniaxial stretching and bending to progressively smaller radii of curvature. With these experiments, the minimum radii of curvature and maximum uniaxial strains at which acceptable performance is maintained were investigated. Collectively, our results illustrate a promising future for the scalable printing of low-cost PEDOT:PSS-based flexible transparent electrodes. © 2012 Crown All rights reserved.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC); Security and Disruptive Technologies
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21271871
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Record identifier4631d676-6b12-48ca-895d-da30b7fcb669
Record created2014-04-24
Record modified2016-05-09
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