N-aralkylated derivatives of 1-aminobenzotriazole are potent isozyme- and lung-selective mechanism-based inhibitors of guinea pig cytochrome P-450 in vivo

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TypeArticle
Journal titleJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
ISSN0022-3565
1521-0103
Volume270
Issue1
Pages377385
Abstract1-Aminobenzotriazole (ABT) and its N-benzyl-1-aminobenzotriazole (BBT) and N-alpha-methylbenzyl (alpha-MB) derivatives were compared as isozyme-selective, lung-selective (vs. liver) mechanism-based inhibitors of cytochrome P-450 (P450) in noninduced, beta-naphthoflavone-induced and phenobarbital-induced guinea pigs 4 hr after i.v. administration. Isozyme-selective monooxygenase activities for lung P450 1A1, 2B4 and 4B1 orthologues (7-ethoxyresorufin O-deethylation for guinea pig P450 1A1, 7-pentoxyresorufin O-depentylation for P450 2Bx and 4-aminobiphenyl N-hydroxylation for P450 4Bx, respectively) were determined in pulmonary and hepatic microsomes. BBT and alpha-MB inactivated pulmonary P450 in an isozyme-selective manner; in non- and phenobarbital-induced animals the order of inactivation was 2Bx > 1A1 > 4Bx. In beta-naphthoflavone-induced animals, alpha-MB specifically inhibited 2Bx in the lung (>90% inactivation at 0.075 mumol/kg, whereas a 100-fold higher dose did not inhibit 4Bx or 1A1). BBT and alpha-MB also were highly selective for the inactivation of pulmonary vs. hepatic P450. In each case at least one of the doses administered caused marked inactivation of pulmonary 2Bx (>80% with alpha-MB and 50-70% with BBT) without inhibiting the hepatic monooxygenase activities. In contrast, ABT displayed little isozyme-selectively and little tissue-selectivity. The differences in tissue-selectivity of the inhibitors are due to BBT and alpha-MB being much more potent (100- to 1000-fold) inactivators of pulmonary P450 2Bx than ABT consistent with BBT and alpha-MB, but not ABT, serving as substrates for the lipophilic aromatic amine uptake system in the lung. In summary, BBT and alpha-MB, at appropriate doses, are isozyme-selective/specific (P450 2Bx), lung-specific inhibitors of P450 in guinea pig in vivo.
Publication date
PublisherAmerican Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Linkhttp://jpet.aspetjournals.org/content/270/1/377
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
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This is a non-NRC publication

"Non-NRC publications" are publications authored by NRC employees prior to their employment by NRC.

NPARC number23000936
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Record identifier4884e3cc-eb17-4cb6-965c-044e1cdd58e7
Record created2016-11-18
Record modified2016-11-18
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