Proteomics analysis suggests broad functional changes in potato leaves triggered by phosphites and a complex indirect mode of action against Phytophthora infestans

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jprot.2013.03.010
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TypeArticle
Journal titleJournal of Proteomics
ISSN1874-3919
Volume93
Pages207223; # of pages: 17
AbstractPhosphite (salts of phosphorous acid; Phi)-based fungicides are increasingly used in controlling oomycete pathogens, such as the late blight agent Phytophthora infestans. In plants, low amounts of Phi induce pathogen resistance through an indirect mode of action. We used iTRAQ-based quantitative proteomics to investigate the effects of phosphite on potato plants before and after infection with P. infestans. Ninety-three (62 up-regulated and 31 down-regulated) differentially regulated proteins, from a total of 1172 reproducibly identified proteins, were identified in the leaf proteome of Phi-treated potato plants. Four days post-inoculation with P. infestans, 16 of the 31 down-regulated proteins remained down-regulated and 42 of the 62 up-regulated proteins remained up-regulated, including 90% of the defense proteins. This group includes pathogenesis-related, stress-responsive, and detoxification-related proteins. Callose deposition and ultrastructural analyses of leaf tissues after infection were used to complement the proteomics approach. This study represents the first comprehensive proteomics analysis of the indirect mode of action of Phi, demonstrating broad effects on plant defense and plant metabolism. The proteomics data and the microscopy study suggest that Phi triggers a hypersensitive response that is responsible for induced resistance of potato leaves against P. infestans. Biological significance: Phosphie triggers complex functional changes in potato leaves that are responsible for the induced resistance against Phytophthora infestans.This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Translational Plant Proteomics. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC); NRC Institute for Marine Biosciences (IMB-IBM)
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21269748
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Record identifier4ca6f188-38ab-49a4-9b57-46886d1b1b6e
Record created2013-12-13
Record modified2016-05-09
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