Sprinklered mercantile fires

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Journal titleASHRAE Transactions
Pages730743; # of pages: 14
Subjectsmoke, smoke control, smoke management, atrium, fire, modeling, safety; Sprinklers; Open-plan offices [cubicles]; Atriums
AbstractThis paper presents results of a project initiated by ASHRAE and the National Research Council of Canada to investigate smoke movement resulting from a sprinklered fire in a communicating space into an adjacent large open area, such as an atrium or retail mall. As part of the joint project, a large-scale test facility was established to investigate smoke flow for sprinklered fires.In this paper, the results of two full-scale fire test series are discussed. In the first series of tests, a propane burner system was used to simulate design fires, which have an initial unsteady stage followed by a fire with a constant heat release rate. A fast t-squared fire was used for the initial fire growth. This fire was allowed to grow to a predetermined heat release rate and subsequently maintained constant.The second series of full-scale tests were conducted using three fire scenarios simulating typical fire load arrangements found in retail stores. The three scenarios used were as follows: paper towels in cartons, clothing stored in boxes, and children's toys.
Publication date
AffiliationNRC Institute for Research in Construction; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number44234
NPARC number20386193
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Record identifier4cf27671-4a4d-4d61-b465-2057e8b49153
Record created2012-07-25
Record modified2016-05-09
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