Size- and shape-controlled palladium nanoparticles in a fluorometric Tsuji-Trost reaction

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcat.2011.04.009
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TypeArticle
Journal titleJournal of Catalysis
ISSN0021-9517
Volume281
Issue1
Pages137146; # of pages: 10
SubjectAllylic substitution; Atomic dissolution; Fluorometry; Oxidative additions; Palladium nanoparticles; Size control; Tsuji-Trost; Atoms; Catalyst activity; Dissolution; Ethers; Leaching; Nanoparticles; Ostwald ripening; Phenols; Substitution reactions; Transmission electron microscopy; Palladium
AbstractPalladium nanospheres of 2.4 and 3.8 nm diameter and nanocubes of 18 nm rib length were used to catalyze a fluorometric Tsuji-Trost reaction for the transformation of a phenyl allyl ether to a fluorescent phenol in the presence of triphenylphosphine, which was pivotal to the catalytic activity. Turnover frequencies calculated per defect atoms were found similar for all nanoparticles, indicating that these atoms are the active sites. However, kinetic studies combined with Pd leaching and transmission electron microscopy analyses in the presence of various reaction components showed Pd leaching via oxidative addition of a reactant, followed by nanoparticle growth depending on the PPh3 concentration. The formation of largest particles was found for the fastest reaction with PPh3/Pd molar ratio of 4, in the range from 0 to 9. This study shows the validity of the atomic dissolution mechanism in the reaction of interest. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC)
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21271720
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Record identifier4d39da6c-01f5-4ed2-8e24-02b5a3c53858
Record created2014-03-24
Record modified2016-05-09
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