Remote substituent effects on the reactivity of 9-aryl- and 9,10-diarylanthracene radical cations with anions and amines

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1021/jp982094t
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TypeArticle
Journal titleThe Journal of Physical Chemistry A
ISSN1089-5639
Volume102
Issue32
Pages65036512; # of pages: 10
AbstractRadical cations of 9-aryl- and 9,10-diarylanthracenes with substituents on the 4 position of the aryl rings (PA-X+ and DPA-X+, respectively) have been generated by photoionization in acetonitrile. Their reactivity with n-butylamine (n-BuNH2) and 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane (DABCO) and a number of anions (CH3CO2-, Br-, CN-, N3-) has been studied using nanosecond laser flash photolysis. Reactions proceed by electron transfer and/or nucleophilic addition. Using PA-X and DPA-X as chemical probes, simple criteria are established that allow one mechanistic pathway to be distinguished from another. When electron transfer is thermodynamically feasible, this pathway dominates (e.g., DABCO and azide). For endothermic electron transfer, addition is not necessarily the preferred ultimate reaction pathway and an inner sphere process (addition/homolysis) can compete. In these cases other, criteria including steric factors and the strength of the incipient bond become important. Simple kinetic criteria and an approach to estimate the thermochemistry of the addition process are developed. It is clear from these studies that reactivity trends in the radical cation chemistry cannot be generalized as easily as those in carbocation chemistry. This has some implications concerning the development and utility of "clock" reactions in radical cation chemistry.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; NRC Steacie Institute for Molecular Sciences
Peer reviewedYes
Identifier16891788
NPARC number12327238
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Record identifier4fcebb93-e937-455d-b7fe-895c2284d4a8
Record created2009-09-10
Record modified2017-03-23
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