CO 2 adsorption by nitrogen-doped carbon nanotubes predicted by density-functional theory with dispersion-correcting potentials

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1039/c0cp01537g
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TypeArticle
Journal titlePhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
ISSN1463-9076
Volume13
Issue7
Pages27802787; # of pages: 8
AbstractThe interaction of CO 2 to the interior and exterior walls of pristine and nitrogen-doped single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNT) has been studied using density-functional theory with dispersion-correcting potentials (DCPs). Our calculations predict Gibbs energies of binding between SWNT and CO 2 of up to 9.1 kcal mol -1, with strongest binding observed for a zigzag [10,0] nanotube, compared to armchair [6,6] (8.3 kcal mol -1) and chiral [8,4] (7.0 kcal mol -1). Doping of the [10,0] tube with nitrogen increases the Gibbs energies of binding of CO 2 by ca. 3 kcal mol -1, but slightly reduced binding is found when [6,6] and [8,4] SWNT are doped in similar fashion. The Gibbs energy of binding of CO 2 to the exterior of the tubes is quite small compared to the binding that occurs inside the tubes. These findings suggest that the zigzag SWNT show greater promise as a means of CO 2 gas-capture. © 2011 the Owner Societies.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC); National Institute for Nanotechnology (NINT-INNT)
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21271312
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Record identifier50c4aec0-a06b-440e-a1b6-3fd8ae46f97c
Record created2014-03-24
Record modified2016-05-09
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