Archaeosomes induce long-term CD8 + cytotoxic response to entrapped soluble protein by the exogenous cytosolic pathway, in the absence of CD4 + T cell help

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.4049/jimmunol.165.9.5177
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TypeArticle
Journal titleThe Journal of Immunology
Volume165
Pages51775185; # of pages: 9
AbstractThe unique ether glycerolipids of Archaea can be formulated into vesicles (archaeosomes) with strong adjuvant activity for MHC class II presentation. Herein, we assess the ability of archaeosomes to facilitate MHC class I presentation of entrapped protein Ag. Immunization of mice with OVA entrapped in archaeosomes resulted in a potent Ag-specific CD8+ T cell response, as measured by IFN-γ production and cytolytic activity toward the immunodominant CTL epitope OVA257–264. In contrast, administration of OVA with aluminum hydroxide or entrapped in conventional ester-phospholipid liposomes failed to evoke significant CTL response. The archaeosome-mediated CD8+ T cell response was primarily perforin dependent because CTL activity was undetectable in perforin-deficient mice. Interestingly, a long-term CTL response was generated with a low Ag dose even in CD4+ T cell deficient mice, indicating that the archaeosomes could mediate a potent T helper cell-independent CD8+ T cell response. Macrophages incubated in vitro with OVA archaeosomes strongly stimulated cytokine production by OVA-specific CD8+ T cells, indicating that archaeosomes efficiently delivered entrapped protein for MHC class I presentation. This processing of Ag was Brefeldin A sensitive, suggesting that the peptides were transported through the endoplasmic reticulum and presented by the cytosolic MHC class I pathway. Finally, archaeosomes induced a potent memory CTL response to OVA even 154 days after immunization. This correlated to strong Ag-specific up-regulation of CD44 on splenic CD8+ T cells. Thus, delivery of proteins in self-adjuvanting archaeosomes represents a novel strategy for targeting exogenous Ags to the MHC class I pathway for induction of CTL response.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; NRC Institute for Biological Sciences
Peer reviewedNo
NRC numberKRISHNAN2000
NPARC number9360104
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Record identifier53140cea-ba50-4907-9fde-69c740e76f25
Record created2009-07-10
Record modified2016-05-09
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