Investigation of voxel warping and energy mapping approaches for fast 4D Monte Carlo dose calculations in deformed geometries using VMC++

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1088/0031-9155/56/16/007
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TypeArticle
Journal titlePhysics in Medicine and Biology
ISSN0031-9155
Volume56
Issue16
Pages51875202; # of pages: 16
SubjectDeformable geometry; Dose calculation; Efficiency improvement; Energy differences; Mapping method; Monte Carlo codes; Monte Carlo dose calculation; Patient geometries; Reference dose; Registration accuracy; Registration error; Computational efficiency; Computational geometry; Investments; Mapping; Monte Carlo methods
AbstractA new deformable geometry class for the VMC++ Monte Carlo code was implemented based on the voxel warping method. Alternative geometries which use tetrahedral sub-elements were implemented and efficiency improvements investigated. A new energy mapping method, based on calculating the volume overlap between deformed reference dose grid and the target dose grid, was also developed. Dose calculations using both the voxel warping and energy mapping methods were compared in simple phantoms as well as a patient geometry. The new deformed geometry implementation in VMC++ increased calculation times by approximately a factor of 6 compared to standard VMC++ calculations in rectilinear geometries. However, the tetrahedron-based geometries were found to improve computational efficiency, relative to the dodecahedron-based geometry, by a factor of 2. When an exact transformation between the reference and target geometries was provided, the voxel and energy warping methods produced identical results. However, when the transformation is not exact, there were discrepancies in the energy deposited on the target geometry which lead to significant differences in the dose calculated by the two methods. Preliminary investigations indicate that these energy differences may correlate with registration errors; however, further work is needed to determine the usefulness of this metric for quantifying registration accuracy. © 2011 Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC)
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21271686
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Record identifier53a47ec6-1e0d-4ef0-a025-06c62faa3c16
Record created2014-03-24
Record modified2016-05-09
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