Noncarbon support materials for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell electrocatalysts

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1021/cr100060r
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TypeArticle
Journal titleChemical Reviews
ISSN0009-2665
Volume111
Issue12
Pages76257651; # of pages: 27
SubjectCarbon oxidation; Carbon-based; Cell reactions; Electronic conductivity; Material preparation; Oxygen reduction reaction; PEM fuel cell; Physical and chemical properties; Possible futures; Pt-based catalyst; Support materials; Supporting material; Surface area; Catalyst activity; Chemical properties; Electrocatalysts; Electrolytic reduction; Electrooxidation; Platinum; Platinum alloys; Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC); Materials
AbstractThe developments in the field of several important kinds of noncarbon supporting materials in recent years are reviewed. The challenges for developing noncarbon supporting materials are analyzed, and the possible future research directions, in particular the material preparation methods, are also proposed. To address the issue of carbon oxidation, effort has been placed on developing alternative noncarbon materials for catalyst supports. As compared to carbon-based supports, some noncarbon materials and their supported Pt-based catalysts have shown unique structures, suitable physical and chemical properties, and high catalytic activity toward fuel cell reactions such as the oxygen reduction reaction and small alcohol electrooxidation. To make noncarbon-supported Pt-based catalysts practically feasible in PEM fuel cells, material improvements in electronic conductivity, solubility, chemical/electrochemical and thermal stability, and surface area are required.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC); NRC Institute for Fuel Cell Innovation (IFCI-IIPC)
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21271040
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Record identifier546e5470-1f29-4eaf-a17b-ff368e27bcca
Record created2014-03-24
Record modified2016-05-09
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