Differences in defence responses of Pinus contorta and Pinus banksiana to the mountain pine beetle fungal associate Grosmannia clavigera are affected by water deficit

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1111/pce.12615
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TypeArticle
Journal titlePlant, Cell and Environment
ISSN0140-7791
AbstractWe tested the hypotheses that responses to the mountain pine beetle fungal associate Grosmannia clavigera will differ between the evolutionarily co-evolved host lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta var. latifolia) and the naïve host jack pine (Pinus banksiana) and that these responses will be influenced by water availability. G.clavigera inoculation resulted in more rapid stem lesion development in lodgepole than in jack pine; water deficit delayed lesion development in both species. Decreased hydraulic conductivity was observed in inoculated lodgepole pine seedlings, likely because of tracheid occlusion by fungal hyphae and/or metabolite accumulation. Drought but not inoculation significantly impacted bark abscisic acid levels. Jasmonic and salicylic acid were implicated in local and systemic responses of both species to G.clavigera, with salicylic acid appearing to play a greater role in jack pine response to G.clavigera than lodgepole pine. Water deficit increased constitutive levels and/or attenuated induced responses to G.clavigera for several monoterpenes in lodgepole but not jack pine. Instead, inoculation of well-watered but not water deficit jack pine resulted in a greater number of xylem resin ducts. These findings reveal mechanisms underlying differences in G.clavigera-induced responses between lodgepole and jack pine hosts, and how water availability modulates these responses.
Publication date
PublisherWiley
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; Aquatic and Crop Resource Development
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21277427
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Record identifier5595ae1f-0600-4bb9-8687-14c55d5cc043
Record created2016-03-09
Record modified2016-05-09
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