Universal IMF versus dark halo response in early-type galaxies: Breaking the degeneracy with the Fundamental Plane

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stt608
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TypeArticle
Journal titleMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
ISSN0035-8711
Volume432
Issue3
Pages24962511; # of pages: 16
AbstractWe use the relations between aperture stellar velocity dispersion (σap), stellar mass (MSPS) and galaxy size (Re) for a sample of ~150 000 early-type galaxies from Sloan Digital Sky Survey/DR7 to place constraints on the stellar initial mass function (IMF) and dark halo response to galaxy formation.We build λ cold dark matter-based mass models that reproduce, by construction, the relations between galaxy size, light concentration and stellar mass, and use the spherical Jeans equations to predict σap. Given our model assumptions (including those in the stellar population synthesis models), we find that reproducing the median σap versus MSPS relation is not possible with both a universal IMF and a universal dark halo response. Significant departures from a universal IMF and/or dark halo response are required, but there is a degeneracy between these two solutions. We show that this degeneracy can be broken using the strength of the correlation between residuals of the velocity-mass (δlog σap) and size-mass (δlog Re) relations. The slope of this correlation, ∂VR = δlog σap/δ logRe, varies systematically with galaxy mass from ∂VR ≃ -0.45 at MSPS ~ 1010M⊙ to ∂VR ≃ -0.15 at MSPS ~ 1011.6M⊙. The virial Fundamental Plane (FP) has ∂VR = -1/2, and thus we find that the tilt of the observed FP is mass dependent. Reproducing this tilt requires both a nonuniversal IMF and a non-universal halo response. Our best model has mass-follows-light at low masses (MSPS ≲ 1011.2M⊙) and unmodified Navarro, Frenk and White haloes at MSPS ~ 1011.5M⊙. The stellar masses imply a mass-dependent IMF which is 'lighter' than Salpeter at low masses and 'heavier' than Salpeter at high masses. © 2013 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC)
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21270646
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Record identifier5699db96-f051-41aa-b88e-63f5c0a3bd7c
Record created2014-02-17
Record modified2016-05-09
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