Evolution of space charges and conductivity with dc aging of polyethylene-synthetic and natural clay composites

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1155/2012/463748
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TypeArticle
Journal titleJournal of Nanomaterials
ISSN1687-4110
Volume2012
Article number463748
SubjectAging time; DC field; Double layers; Interaction zone; Material interfaces; Nano-fillers; Nanofiller; Natural clays; Optimal concentration; Organoclays; Percolation thresholds; Synthetic clays; Total charge; Interfaces (materials); Polypropylenes; Thermoplastics
AbstractThe evolution of the space charge and conductivity with DC poling of two types of polypropylene-(PP-) based nanocomposites (PNCs) was investigated. The PNCs were manufactured with different concentrations of synthetic and natural organoclays. The optimal concentrations of nanofiller that can efficiently mitigate the space charge with DC aging time were 2-wt% for PP-natural-clay and between 2 and 4 wt% for the PP-synthetic-clay. Above these percentages charge transport through overlapping of nanoparticles can occur due to the interaction zone of double layers formed at the nanoparticle/host material interfaces. Under DC field the overlapping increases the conductivity of PNCs and minimizes the benefit of incorporating nanofillers into PP. The total charge stored in unfilled PP increased continuously with time reaching a maximum around 5000 h before decreasing but it also changed slightly in all filled specimens. It was perceived that the smaller the size of nanofiller platelets the more efficient the charge mitigation. The conductivity of specimens containing 6 wt% of natural clay and 8 wt% of synthetic clay reached ≈6 times the level of the unfilled PP. This observation could be related and due to the crossing of the percolation threshold for these composites. © 2012 Mahmoud Abou-Dakka.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC); Measurement Science and Standards (MSS-SME)
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21269530
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Record identifier572d0b4b-eda0-4342-9192-d820714ba091
Record created2013-12-12
Record modified2016-05-09
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