Theoretical study of Oxygen reduction reaction catalysts: From Pt to non-precious metal catalysts

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-4911-8_11
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TypeArticle
Journal titleLecture Notes in Energy
ISSN2195-1284
ISBN9781447149101
Volume9
Pages339373; # of pages: 35
SubjectCarbon based materials; Macrocyclic complex; Mobile power generation; Non-precious metal catalysts; Oxygen reduction reaction; Theoretical investigations; Theoretical modeling; Transitional metals; Catalysis; Electrocatalysis; Electrolysis; Electrolytic reduction; Environmental impact; Palladium compounds; Platinum; Precious metals; Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC); Catalysts
AbstractFuel cells are regarded as one of the most promising candidates for stationary and mobile power generation due to their high energy yield and low environmental impact of hydrogen oxidation. The oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) at cathode is a very complex process and plays a crucial role during operation of the PEM fuel cells. However, its mechanism and the nature of intermediates involved remain vague. This chapter focuses on the recent theoretical modeling studies of ORR catalysts for PEMFC. Recent theoretical investigations on oxygen reduction electrocatalysts, such as Pt-based catalysts, non-Pt metal catalysts (Pd, Ir, CuCl), and non-precious metal catalysts (transitional metal macrocyclic complexes, conductive polymer materials, and carbon-based materials), are reviewed. The oxygen reduction mechanisms catalyzed by these catalysts are discussed based on the results. © Springer-Verlag London 2013.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC); Energy, Mining and Environment (EME-EME)
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21269633
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Record identifier57842140-1527-43c1-a652-3589818dc519
Record created2013-12-13
Record modified2016-05-09
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