Fatigue Crack Initiation and Propagation in Polyamide-6 and in Polyamide-6 Nanocomposites

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1002/pc.20036
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TypeArticle
Journal titlePolymer Composites
ISBN1548-0569
Volume25
Issue4
Pages433441; # of pages: 9
AbstractRecent developments in polymer nanocomposites have led to improvements in conventional short-term, but the long-term mechanical properties have received little attention. The objective of the present study was to characterize the effect of nanoparticles on the fatigue crack initiation and propagation mechanisms and on the fatigue properties of polyamide-6 (PA6) nanocomposite (PA6NC) prepared by in situ polymerization with montmorillonite clay. Two approaches were employed: fatigue life measurements and crack growth monitoring. Compared with non-filled PA6 at the same stress amplitude, the number of cycles to fracture was higher for the nanocomposite, which suggests an increase in the intrinsic resistance of the material to crack initiation. However, the crack growth rate results indicated that nanoparticles decreased the resistance to crack propagation. Post-fatigue fractographic observations indicated a change in the fatigue crack propagation mechanism resulting from the addition of nanoparticles, primarily attributed to the increase in yield stress, which favors the development of a fibrillated deformation zone. The fibrillation process in the relatively high crack propagation rate regime appeared to be preceded by plastic deformation at approximately constant volume. Most of the effect of nanoparticles on the fatigue behavior and properties results probably from the mechanical reinforcement on the microstructure and its effect on the yield stress and Young’s modulus rather than from the effect of the inorganic filler to act as a stress concentrator.
Publication date
PublisherWiley
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNRC Industrial Materials Institute; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedNo
NRC number46087
NPARC number18476844
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Record identifier5d53f332-783d-4d18-ba93-cf7e8e10dc08
Record created2011-10-11
Record modified2016-05-09
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