Post-flashover compartment fire for different fire ventilation settings in a medium-sized residential room

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ConferenceASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition: 02 November 2008, Boston, Mass.
Subjecthouse, maison, performance, post-flashover, compartment fire, ventilation scenarios, design fire, fire severity, computational fluid dynamics, numerical simulations; Design fires/Fire modeling; Performance of:
AbstractA number of fire ventilation scenarios were investigated in order to identify the proper ventilation scheme forconducting design fire tests in a medium-sized residential room of a size of 4.2 m long, 3.8 m wide and 2.4 m high. The ventilation schemes were based on using a window, door, or both with different sizes. The fuel package that was used in all scenarios consisted of a mock-up sofa made of polyurethane foam and two wood cribs underneath it. The selection of this fuel package is supported by fire statistics thatmany fatal residential fires begin with an item of upholstered furniture. The CFD technique was used to conduct the numerical simulations for eleven ventilation scenarios using the Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) version 5. The effect of window and door sizes, and fire load location on the heat release rate, burning rate, temperature during the period of fully-developed fire (post-flashover), and the onset of postflashover and its duration were investigated.
Publication date
AffiliationNRC Institute for Research in Construction; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number50860
NPARC number20377513
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Record identifier5e9ba6a0-fb00-43c4-a4dc-268ff09f2368
Record created2012-07-24
Record modified2016-05-09
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