A clustered sulfonated poly(ether sulfone) based on a new fluorene-based bisphenol monomer

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1039/c2jm34414a
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TypeArticle
Journal titleJournal of Materials Chemistry
ISSN0959-9428
1364-5501
Volume22
Issue48
Pages2509325101; # of pages: 9
AbstractA new fluorene-based bisphenol monomer containing two pendant phenyl groups, 9,9-bis(3-phenyl-4-hydroxy)phenyl-fluorene, was readily synthesized in high yield by a one-step reaction from inexpensive starting materials. A series of poly(ether sulfone)s with clustered sulfonic acid groups was prepared for fuel cell applications by polycondensation of the new monomer with bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)sulfone and bis(4-fluorophenyl)sulfone, followed by sulfonation exclusively on the fluorene rings and pendant phenyl rings, using concentrated sulfuric acid at room temperature. The sulfonated polymers gave tough, flexible, and transparent membranes by solvent casting. The ionic exchange capacity (IEC), water-uptake, dimensional stabilities, mechanical properties, thermal and oxidative stabilities as well as proton conductivities and single fuel cell properties of the membranes were investigated. The membranes with high IEC values show high proton transport properties, and their proton conductivities exhibit lower dependence on relative humidity compared with typical aromatic ion exchange membranes. 4-SPES-38 with an IEC value of 2.23 mequiv. g−1 displays comparable fuel cell performance with Nafion 212 under low humidity conditions.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationEnergy, Mining and Environment; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number53110
NPARC number21268497
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Record identifier61ea2894-0650-4c03-bd9f-08052f5a6a61
Record created2013-08-16
Record modified2016-05-09
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