Experimental studies in the dead-end ultrafiltration of dextran: analysis of concentration polarization

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/S1383-5866(03)00207-7
AuthorSearch for: ; Search for:
TypeArticle
Journal titleSeparation and Purification Technology
Volume36
IssueApril 2
Pages115130; # of pages: 16
SubjectUltrafiltration; Concentration polarization; Filtration resistance; Flux decline; Osmotic pressure
AbstractConsiderable theoretical and experimental work has been published to explain the cause of flux decline in the ultrafiltration (UF) of dextran. However, an experimental determination of resistance contributions due to polarization to the overall filtration resistance has not been addressed. Also, the effects of feed concentration and applied pressure on membrane concentration and boundary layer thickness and unsteady-state flux response to a step change in trans-membrane pressure have not been reported. This work reports experimental results of the ultrafiltration of dextran with a fully retentive membrane along with a procedure to determine the contributions of various resistances to filtration. It was observed that the ultrafiltration of dextran was osmotically limited in our work. The contribution of polarization resistance was found to be dependent on applied pressures and initial bulk feed concentrations whereas the boundary layer thickness of polarization was affected by feed concentration alone.
Publication date
PublisherElsevier
Copyright noticeYou may reproduce (print, make photocopies, or download) materials from NPArC without permission for non-commercial purposes (research, education, and private study) only, on the condition that you provide proper attribution of the sources in all copies.
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; NRC Institute for Chemical Process and Environmental Technology
Access conditionavailable
unlimited
public
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number46449
NPARC number12335842
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Record identifier62268522-6003-4711-a052-93ef5fe0ff3f
Record created2009-09-10
Record modified2016-05-09
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