Sea Ice Floe Impacts - Large Scale Basin Experiments

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Proceedings titleProceedings of the Tenth (2000) International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference ISOPE'00
ConferenceThe Tenth (2000) International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference: Seattle, USA, 2000
Pages640645; # of pages: 6
AbstractThe impact forces produced by ice floes can be a significant factor in the design considerations for structures off the East Coast of Canada. A test program was carried out in an ice tank to investigate the force levels due to impact of isolated floes with a structure. In the tests, large floes of sea ice with a surface area of up to 60 m2 and thickness over 200 mm were grown. These floes represented actual sea ice floes, since there was no scaling of ice strength properties. These floes, with a mass up to 14 tonnes, were then accelerated to a desired speed (up 0.2 m/s) and allowed to impact against an instrumented test structure. The impact force and local pressures were measured for each impact. Impact velocity, floe mass and floe edge geometry were varied. The highest force levels measured were of the order of 50 kN at a speed of 0.2m/s. A simple analytical impact model was developed and validated with test results. It indicates that the maximum impact force was a function of the kinetic energy of the impacting floe raised to some power less than 1. The exponent and coefficient of the power relation were a function of ice floe edge geometry and the ice crushing pressure relation. Key words: ice forces, sea ice, impact.
Publication date
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; NRC Canadian Hydraulics Centre
Peer reviewedNo
NPARC number12340933
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Record identifier6250b095-9222-42b4-9b6c-c15ecc6e7581
Record created2009-09-11
Record modified2016-05-09
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