High-resolution crystal structure of Arthrobacter aurescens chondroitin AC lyase: An enzyme-substrate complex defines the catalytic mechanism

DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmb.2003.12.071
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TypeArticle
Volume337
Issue2
Pages367386; # of pages: 20
SubjectAmino Acid Sequence; genome; pha
AbstractChondroitin lyases (EC 4.2.2.4 and EC 4.2.2.5) are glycosaminoglycan -degrading enzymes that act as eliminases. Chondroitin lyase AC from Arthrobacter, aurescens (ArthroAC) is known to act on chondroitin 4-sulfate and chondroitin 6-sulfate but not on dermatan sulfate. Like other chondroitin AC lyases, it is capable of cleaving hyaluronan. We have determined the three -dimensional crystal structure of ArthroAC in its native form as well as in complex with its substrates (chondroitin 4-sulfate tetrasaccharide, CStetra and hyaluronan tetrasaccharide) at resolution varying from 1.25 Angstrom to 1.9 Angstrom. The primary sequence of ArthroAC has not been previously determined but it was possible to determine the amino acid sequence of this enzyme from the high-resolution electron density maps and to confirm it by mass spectrometry. The enzyme -substrate complexes were obtained by soaking the substrate into the crystals for varying lengths of time (30 seconds to ten hours) and flash-cooling the crystals. The electron density map for crystals soaked in the substrate for as short as 30 seconds showed the substrate clearly and indicated that the ring of central glucuronic acid assumes a distorted boat conformation. This structure strongly supports the lytic mechanism where Tyr242 acts as a general base that abstracts the proton from the C5 position of glucuronic acid while Asn183 and His233 neutralize the charge on the glucuronate acidic group. Comparison of this structure with that of chondroitinase AC from Flavobacterium heparinum (FlavoAC) provides an explanation for the exolytic and endolytic mode of action of ArthroAC and FlavoAC, respectively. Crown Copyright (C) 2004 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNRC Biotechnology Research Institute; National Research Council Canada
NotePT: JournalIS: 0022-2836UD: 200415Pr�sentation non requise; en attente de brevet ( compagnie �trang�re) 02.04.04 mag
Peer reviewedNo
NRC number46202
NPARC number3539245
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Record identifier63460687-4fc7-4cd5-8471-cb709ada0bcd
Record created2009-03-01
Record modified2016-05-09
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