Research at MUN/IMD on hovercraft icebreakers

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ConferenceMarine Dynamics Conference, 5-6 August 1991, St. John's, Nfld
AbstractOperational experience in Canada during the early seventies showed that hovercraft can make very effective icebreakers. In a low speed mode, the hovercraft causes an air cavity to form under the sheet as it rides onto it. This causes a section of the sheet to become unsupported and fail in bending under the action of its own weight. In a high speed mode, the motion of the craft over the sheet sets up large amplitude flexural gravity waves in the sheet-water system. Research into both modes of operation has been going on at MUN and IMD since the mid-eighties. The paper summarizes this work. For the low speed case, scaling laws for the resistance to forward motion of two new geometries were developed and confirmed with IMD ice tank data. For the high speed case, measurements of sheet deflections in the MUN wave tank and the IMD ice tank showed that a critical speed exists for motion over a sheet. At this speed, sheet deflections are limited only by dissipation and nonlinearities.
Publication date
AffiliationNRC Institute for Ocean Technology; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedNo
NRC number5652
NPARC number8895728
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Record identifier64414074-6294-457e-986a-efbfd2e311f0
Record created2009-04-22
Record modified2016-05-09
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