Performance of silicone-coated polymeric membrane in separation of hydrocarbons and nitrogen mixtures

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2004.12.041
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TypeArticle
Journal titleJournal of Membrane Science
Volume254
Issue1-2
Pages179188; # of pages: 10
SubjectHydrocarbons; Membrane; Nitrogen; PDMS; Permeance; Polysulfone; Selectivity
AbstractThis study reports selectivities and permeances of pure nitrogen, oxygen, ethylene, ethane, propylene and propane and their mixtures through composite poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS)–polysulfone membrane at ambient temperature. It was observed that both propylene and/or propane significantly plasticized PDMS coating in pure as well as mixed gas permeation experiments. Above the plasticization pressure, the permeance order was PC3>PC3=>PC2>PC2=>PO2>PN2, which matched the solubility order. However, permeance order was changed to PC3=>PC3>PC2>PC2=>PO2>PN2 below the plasticization pressure, showing that propylene was more permeable than propane. Furthermore, plasticization caused coupling effects for ethylene, ethane and nitrogen in the presence of propylene and propane.
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AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; NRC Institute for Chemical Process and Environmental Technology
Peer reviewedNo
NPARC number12338114
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Record identifier64dff5cf-dd73-4465-a180-3011090d3fcb
Record created2009-09-10
Record modified2016-05-09
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