Laser micromachining of oxygen reduced graphene-oxide films

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Proceedings titleProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ConferenceMicromachining and Microfabrication Process Technology XIX, 4 February 2014 through 6 February 2014, San Francisco, CA
Article number89730K
SubjectComposite micromechanics; Ink; Laser ablation; Microanalysis; Microfabrication; Micromachining; Oxide films; Oxygen; Pulsed lasers; Substrates; Electrical conductivity; Femtosecond pulsed laser; Ink-jet printing technologies; Laser micro-fabrication; Laser micro-machining; Material characteristics; Passive electronic components; Thermal reduction; Graphene
AbstractNon-conductive graphene-oxide (GO) inks can be synthesized from inexpensive graphite powders and deposited on functionalized flexible substrates using inkjet printing technology. Once deposited, the electrical conductivity of the GO film can be restored through laser assisted thermal reduction. Unfortunately, the inkjet nozzle diameter (∼40μm) places a limit on the printed feature size. In contrast, a tightly focused femtosecond pulsed laser can create precise micro features with dimensions in the order of 2 to 3 μm. The smallest feature size produced by laser microfabrication is a function of the laser beam diameter, power level, feed rate, material characteristics and spatial resolution of the micropositioning system. Laser micromachining can also remove excess GO film material adjacent to the electrode traces and passive electronic components. Excess material removal is essential for creating stable oxygen-reduced graphene-oxide (rGO) printed circuits because electron buildup along the feature edges will alter the conductivity of the non-functional film. A study on the impact of laser ablation on the GO film and the substrate are performed using a 775nm, 120fs pulsed laser. The average laser power was 25mW at a spot size of ∼ 5μm, and the feed rate was 1000-1500mm/min. Several simple microtraces were fabricated and characterized in terms of electrical resistance and surface topology. © 2014 SPIE.
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AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC); Automotive (AUTO-AUTO)
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21272150
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Record identifier68608ed2-67a6-431f-8cf1-c510752971cb
Record created2014-07-23
Record modified2016-05-09
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