Synergy of elemental Fe and Ti promoting low temperature hydrogen sorption cycling of magnesium

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Journal titleInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Pages67116722; # of pages: 12
SubjectCycling stability; JMA model; Kissinger analysis; Magnesium hydride; Z-contrast STEM; Agglomeration; Alloying elements; Ball milling; Catalysts; Desorption; Magnesium; Nanostructured materials; Titanium; Dispersions
AbstractWe studied the catalytic effects of Titanium, Iron and FeTi intermetallic on the desorption kinetics of magnesium hydride. In order to separate the catalytic effects of each element from additional synergistic and alloying effects, Mg-Ti and Mg-Fe mixtures were studied as a baseline for Mg-Fe-Ti elemental and Mg-(FeTi) intermetallic composites. Sub-micron dimensions for MgH 2 particles and excellent nanoscale catalyst dispersion was achieved by high-energy ball-milling as confirmed by analytical electron microscopy techniques. The composites containing Fe shows desorption temperature of 170 K lower than as-received MgH 2 powder, which makes it suitable to be cycled at relatively low temperature of 523 K. Furthermore, the low cycling temperature prevents the formation of Mg 2FeH 6. In sorption cycling tests, Mg-10% Ti and Mg-10% (FeTi), after about 5 activation cycles, show fast desorption kinetics initially, but the kinetics also degrade faster than for all other composites, eventually slowing down by a factor of 7 and 4, respectively. The ternary Mg-Fe-Ti composite shows best performance. With the highest BET surface area of 40 m 2/g, it also shows much less degradation during cycling. This is attributed to titanium hydride acting as a size control agent preventing agglomeration of particles; while Fe works as a very strong catalyst with uniform and nanoscale dispersion on the surface of MgH 2 particles. Copyright © 2011, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Publication date
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC); National Institute for Nanotechnology
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21272039
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Record identifier69d9cb76-81ca-4fb0-8916-563051ce10da
Record created2014-05-23
Record modified2016-05-09
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