A preliminary ventilation rate determination methods study for residential buildings and offices based on VOC emission database

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2014.05.009
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Journal titleBuilding and Environment
Pages168180; # of pages: 13
SubjectBuilding codes; Building materials; Buildings; Indoor air pollution; ACH; Characteristic emission; Determination methods; Indoor environment; LCI; Material emissions; National Research Council; Residential building; Ventilation; air quality; building; construction material; emission; indoor air; ventilation; volatile organic compound
AbstractVentilation is commonly used as a basic means to supply outdoor air to indoor environment to achieve better indoor air quality. To reduce harmful effect due to indoor pollutants such as formaldehyde and VOCs emitted from building materials, proper ventilation should be maintained to meet a minimum ventilation rate at least. Two new methods, i.e., characteristic and two-stage ventilation rate method, were proposed to predict ventilation rate based on building material emissions. Scenarios involving four standard rooms and different material loadings were analyzed to study adequate ventilation rates for residential buildings and offices. The study followed the IAQ procedure recommended by ASHRAE. The emission source data were from the National Research Council Canada (NRC) database. The building material emissions and consequent VOC concentrations were predicted by using two approaches called the characteristic emission rate method and the two-stage emission rate method. The ventilation rates were calculated for ten scenarios to meet the thresholds given by seven indoor air quality references. The results showed that the ventilation rate depended on the selection of reference standard, material and emission area. The dominating chemical substance in determining ventilation rate in various cases was not unique. The time to take for the emission to complete was 2.5-5 years for all cases. Due to the inherent nature of the characteristic emission rate method for over-estimating long-term emissions, replacing the characteristic ventilation rate with steady-state ventilation rate could lead to the ventilation rate requirement reduced by approximately half. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Publication date
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC); Construction (CONST-CONST)
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21272193
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Record identifier6bfedaf5-5560-4c06-86ad-4c1f48402b07
Record created2014-07-23
Record modified2016-05-09
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