Mechanical properties of titania-doped yttria stabilized zirconia (TiYSZ) for use as thermal barrier coating (TBC)

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Journal titleJournal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power
Article number122101
SubjectBulk materials; Co-doped; Doped sample; Ferroelastic toughening; Fracture toughness values; Homogeneous composition; Macroindentation; matrix; Microcrack formation; Microstructural analysis; Monoclinic phase; Optical image analysis; Porosity level; Representative sample; Sintered samples; Tetragonal phase; TiO; Volumetric porosity; XRD; XRD measurements; Young's Modulus; Fracture; Geometrical optics; Mechanical properties; Plasma spraying; Pollution control; Porosity; Sintering; Thermal barrier coatings; Thermal spraying; Titanium dioxide; Vickers hardness; Yttria stabilized zirconia; Yttrium alloys; Zirconia; Fracture toughness
AbstractRepresentative samples of yttria stabilized zirconia (7YSZ) co-doped with varying concentrations of TiO 2 were fabricated using plasma spraying. Samples were sintered in order to minimize porosity and to simulate the bulk material properties. After sintering, porosity levels of less than 1.25% were achieved. Both as-sprayed and sintered samples with 5, 10 and 15 wt% TiO 2 addition levels were microstructurally characterized using SEM, XRD and optical image analysis methods. Vickers hardness, Young's modulus, and fracture toughness were measured using nano and macroindentation methods. Microstructural analysis revealed that sintering of the TiO 2 doped samples was required to achieve a homogeneous composition distribution, with TiO 2 predominantly residing in solid solution within the ZrO 2 matrix. Sintering for 325 hs at 1200° C resulted in sufficient diffusion of TiO 2 into the 7YSZ. The addition of TiO 2 stabilized more tetragonal phase as revealed by XRD measurement. Sintering also showed significant improvements in fracture toughness in all co-doped samples. Fracture toughness values calculated using load-independent equations provided a clear trend in fracture toughness improvement with TiO 2 addition. Ferroelastic toughening of the tetragonal phase was believed to have played an effect. There was also a reduction in monoclinic phase content with TiO 2 addition, which may have limited microcrack formation and consequently increased the fracture toughness. With the addition of 10 wt TiO 2, the fracture toughness was improved by over 50%; however, this improvement started to decline at 15 wt% TiO 2 addition. Volumetric porosity measurements also revealed significant improvements in fracture toughness with respect to lowering the porosity content as observed in all sintered samples. © 2011 American Society of Mechanical Engineers.
Publication date
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC); Aerospace (AERO-AERO)
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21271400
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Record identifier70e56b88-8e59-4415-a3a3-4b25332d242e
Record created2014-03-24
Record modified2016-05-09
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