Ontogenetic and tissue-specific expression of preproghrelin in the Atlantic halibut, Hippoglossus hippoglossus L.

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1677/JOE-07-0517
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TypeArticle
Journal titleJournal of Endocrinology
ISSN0022-0795
1479-6805
Volume196
Issue1
Pages181192; # of pages: 12
AbstractGhrelin is a conserved vertebrate hormone that affects both GH release and appetite. We have cloned and characterized Atlantic halibut preproghrelin cDNA and examined for the first time preproghrelin expression during fish larval development using quantitative real-time PCR. In addition, cellular sites of expression in larvae and tissue-specific expression in 3-year-old halibut were studied. A full-length cDNA for preproghrelin was isolated from halibut stomach tissue. The 899 bp cDNA encodes an open reading frame of 105 amino acids that is comprised of a signal peptide and two peptides with high similarity to ghrelin and obestatin. The deduced amino acid sequence of halibut ghrelin peptide (GSSFLSPSHKPPKGKPPRA) shows significant conservation relative to other teleostean sequences and is identical to human ghrelin for the first seven amino acids of the sequence. The putative obestatin peptide is well-conserved among fishes but shares limited similarity with its human counterpart. Expression of ghrelin was localized to two different cell types in the stomach of larval halibut by in situ hybridization. However, sensitive PCR assays on tissues collected from 3-year-old fish additionally identified ghrelin transcripts in pyloric caecae, intestine, and in immature ovary and testis. Ontogenetic studies detected ghrelin expression prior to exogenous feeding during larval development (hatching and mouth-opening stages) with increased expression occurring through metamorphosis. This increase was pronounced during climax metamorphosis and coincided with stomach differentiation. Patterns of preproghrelin expression suggest that ghrelin has important roles during and after larval development in halibut, and that ghrelin is associated with digestive and gonadal tissues in this teleost.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNRC Institute for Marine Biosciences; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number42707
1263
NPARC number3538172
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Record identifier72fc524a-cd1f-4599-87e2-d2c4708afb29
Record created2009-03-01
Record modified2016-05-09
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