Evaluation of homogeneity and genetic stability of REOLYSIN® (pelareorep) by complete genome sequencing of reovirus after large scale production

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-013-5499-0
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TypeArticle
Journal titleApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
ISSN0175-7598
Pages18; # of pages: 8
AbstractREOLYSIN® (pelareorep) is a proprietary isolate of the reovirus T3D (Type 3 Dearing) strain which is currently being tested in clinical trials as an anticancer therapeutic agent. Reovirus genomes are composed of ten segments of double-stranded ribonucleic acid (RNA) characterized by genome size: large (L1, L2, and L3), medium (M1, M2, and M3), and small (S1, S2, S3, and S4). The objective of this work was to evaluate the homogeneity and genetic stability of REOLYSIN®. Sanger sequencing (SS) performed on test articles derived from the Master Virus Bank (MVB) and Working Virus Bank (WVB) identified many modifications when compared to GenBank reference sequences. Massively parallel sequencing (MPS) using Roche-454 sequencing was performed on REOLYSIN® (100 L scale) and resulted in 69,821,115 bases and an average of 335 bases per read. Twenty-nine high confidence differences relative to the GenBank reference sequence were identified in REOLYSIN® by MPS. Of those, 27 were previously identified by SS in the virus bank-derived test articles. Of the remaining two nucleotide differences, one was predicted to be silent at the amino acid level (L3 genome-T3163C, codon 1054, 86 % of the population was "T" and 13 % of the population were reported as "C"). The other modification was in the noncoding region (M1 genome-A2284A to A2284G), and A2284G was present in 97 % of the population. The results obtained from MPS were comparable to those from SS; both demonstrate a high level of homogeneity at the amino acid level and genetic stability of REOLYSIN®. Finally, phylogenetic analysis of the REOLYSIN® L1 genome segment showed close evolutionary relationship with its human homologs, serotypes Lang and Dearing. © 2014 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC)
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21270844
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Record identifier746f491f-538a-4cc6-bfbc-64079a5627c7
Record created2014-02-17
Record modified2016-05-09
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