Investigation of derivatization reagents for the analysis of diarrhetic shellfish poisoning toxins by liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1002/nt.2620020509
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TypeArticle
Journal titleNatural Toxins
ISSN1056-9014
1056-9014
Volume2
Issue5
Pages302311
AbstractSeveral derivatization reagents for the conversion of okadaic acid and related DSP toxins to fluorescent derivatives for analysis by liquid chromatosraphy have been examined, viz: 9-anthryldiazomethane (ADAM), 1-pyrenyldiazomethane (PDAM), 4-diazomethyl-7-methoxycoumarin (DMMC), 4-bromomethyl-7-methoxycoumarin (BrMMC), 4-bromomethyl-7,8-benzcoumarin (BrMBC), 4-bromomethyl-7-acetoxycoumarin (BrMAC), and 4-bromomethyl-6,7-dimethoxycoumarin (BrDMC). The ADAM reagent provides the greatest selectivity and sensitivity, but its application on a routine basis has been limited by its instability and cost Improvement of this method was achieved through the production of ADAM in situ from the stable 9-anthraldehyde hydrazone. A detection limit of 30 ng/g hepatopancreas (equivalent to 6 ng/g whole tissue) was achieved. The other aryldiazomethane reagents were found to have insufficient reactivity. Of the bromomethylcoumarin reagents, BrDMC was found to have the greatest promise. The reagent is inexpensive and has excellent stability and purity. Quantitative derivatization may be achieved in a 2 hour reaction at 45°C with N,N-diisopropylethylamine as a catalyst. Unfortunately, the lower reaction selectivity of BrDMC compared to that of ADAM limits its application to isolated toxins, plankton samples, and shellfish tissues with high levels of DSP toxins. The use of BrDMC for the determination of how toxin levels in shellfish tissues will require development of a more extensive clean-up prior to derivatization. Successful application of the ADAM and coumarin derivatization methods to real-world samples has been demonstrated.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNRC Institute for Marine Biosciences; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number23001050
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Record identifier76277245-cfbf-4645-a9cf-d8778822423d
Record created2016-12-05
Record modified2016-12-05
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