5α-Reductase type 1 is localized to the outer nuclear membrane

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/0303-7207(95)03526-D
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TypeArticle
Journal titleMolecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Volume110
Issue1-2
Pages137147; # of pages: 11
AbstractThe subcellular distribution of the two isozymes of 5α-reductase has been controversial. To resolve this issue which could provide clues about the respective functions of the two isozymes, two antisera were generated, one which was specific for the Type 1 5α-reductase and one which recognized both isozymes. In COS cells transfected separately with the Type 1 or Type 2 cDNA, both isozymes were detected on Western blots at an Mr of 26 000. Subfractionation of the COS cells resulted in the partitioning of both isozymes between the crude nuclear and cytosolic fractions, while cytoimmunffluorescence localized both reductases to the nuclear periphery. In rat liver homogenate, the 5α-reductase was also detected at Mr 26 000. The 5α-reductase immunoreactivity was increased after castration of the animals with no further effect when castrated animals were treated with androgens. Although the rat liver expresses only the Type 1 5α-reductase, the 5α-reductase was distributed about equally between crude nuclear and cytosolic subfractions; this distribution could be shifted to the cytosolic fractions with harsher homogenization procedures. Further extensive subfractionation and extraction studies identified the rat liver Type 1 5α-reductase as an integral membrane protein present in the outer nuclear membrane of the nuclear envelope and in rough endoplasmic reticulum. Thus, the subfractionation and cytoimmunofluorescence studies are consistent with the localization of the Type 1 5α-reductase to the outer nuclear membrane of the nuclear envelope which is continuous with and indistinguishable from the endoplasmic reticulum. This study is the first to localize rat liver Type 1 5α-reductase to the nuclear envelope to which the prostatic 5α-reductase activity previously had been localized. We conclude that, contrary to previous tissue distribution studies, but consistent with investigations in transfected cells, both isozymes are similarly localized to the nuclear periphery.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNRC Institute for Biological Sciences; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedNo
NRC numberSAVORY1995
NPARC number9383814
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Record identifier76c7df52-0e90-4b30-9f61-94af4d4a5667
Record created2009-07-10
Record modified2016-05-09
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