Microstructure and fatigue properties of a friction stir lap welded magnesium alloy

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-013-1728-5
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Journal titleMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Pages37323746; # of pages: 15
AbstractFriction stir welding (FSW), being an enabling solid-state joining technology, can be suitably applied for the assembly of lightweight magnesium (Mg) alloys. In this investigation, friction stir lap welded (FSLWed) joints of AZ31B-H24 Mg alloy were characterized in terms of the welding defects, microstructure, hardness, and fatigue properties at various combinations of tool rotational rates and welding speeds. It was observed that the hardness decreased from the base metal (BM) to the stir zone (SZ) across the heat-affected zone (HAZ) and thermomechanically affected zone (TMAZ). The lowest value of hardness appeared in the SZ. With increasing tool rotational rate or decreasing welding speed, the average hardness in the SZ decreased owing to increasing grain size, and a Hall-Petch-type relationship was established. Fatigue fracture of the lap welds always occurred at the interface between the SZ and TMAZ on the advancing side where a larger hooking defect was present (in comparison with the retreating side). The welding parameters had a significant influence on the hook height and the subsequent fatigue life. A relatively "cold" weld, conducted at a rotational rate of 1000 rpm and welding speed of 20 mm/s, gave rise to almost complete elimination of the hooking defect, thus considerably (over two orders of magnitude) improving the fatigue life. Fatigue crack propagation was basically characterized by the formation of fatigue striations concomitantly with secondary cracks.
Publication date
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC); Aerospace
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21269728
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Record identifier7b19bab6-46cc-4bb5-bc8a-9eb25988f72a
Record created2013-12-13
Record modified2016-05-09
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