The Francisella tularensis proteome and its recognition by antibodies

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Journal titleFrontiers Microbiology
Pages122; # of pages: 22
SubjectFrancisella tularensis; LVS; immunoproteomics; proteome microarray; 2D-PAGE; antibody; vaccine; mouse vaccination>
AbstractFrancisella tularensis is the causative agent of a spectrum of diseases collectively known as tularemia. The extreme virulence of the pathogen in humans, combined with the low infectious dose and the ease of dissemination by aerosol have led to concerns about its abuse as a bioweapon. Until recently, nothing was known about the virulence mechanisms and even now, there is still a relatively poor understanding of pathogen virulence. Completion of increasing numbers of Francisella genome sequences, combined with comparative genomics and proteomics studies, are contributing to the knowledge in this area. Tularemia may be treated with antibiotics, but there is currently no licensed vaccine. An attenuated strain, the Live Vaccine Strain (LVS) has been used to vaccinate military and at risk laboratory personnel, but safety concerns mean that it is unlikely to be licensed by the FDA for general use. Little is known about the protective immunity induced by vaccination with LVS, in humans or animal models. Immunoproteomics studies with sera from infected humans or vaccinated mouse strains, are being used in gel-based or proteome microarray approaches to give insight into the humoral immune response. In addition, these data have the potential to be exploited in the identification of new diagnostic or protective antigens, the design of next generation live vaccine strains, and the development of subunit vaccines. Herein, we briefly review the current knowledge from Francisella comparative proteomics studies and then focus upon the findings from immunoproteomics approaches.
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AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; NRC Institute for Biological Sciences
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number17511503
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Record identifier7b557593-7057-4b4e-8e2d-22cc9d582be8
Record created2011-03-30
Record modified2016-05-09
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