Wind-blown pool fire, Part II: Comparison of measured flame geometry with semi-empirical correlations

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.firesaf.2015.08.004
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TypeArticle
Journal titleFire Safety Journal
ISSN0379-7112
Volume78
Pages130141; # of pages: 12
SubjectFire; Wind; Flame geometry; Flame tilt; Flame length; Flame drag; Semi-empirical correlation
AbstractExperimental measurements of flame drag, flame tilt and flame length, which were obtained for 2 m diameter Jet A fires in crosswinds of 3-10 m/s and described in Part I of this paper, were compared to values predicted using published semi-empirical correlations. Results were shown to be influenced in part by differences in the method used to measure flame geometry and in the boundary conditions between different experiments. Flame tilt values were predicted most successfully by correlations involving a combination of the Froude number U2/gD and the non-dimensionalized heat release rate Q∗. Values estimated using similar correlations for flame drag and flame length were less successful, indicating gaps in the relevant physics modeled by those correlations. Fuel vapor density played an important role in determining the extent of flame drag. At high wind speeds, the horizontal momentum of the wind dominated over buoyancy effects in producing flame drag, physical effects not necessarily captured in the existing correlations. Flame length appeared to be governed by factors such as fuel vapor density and heat of combustion of the fuel, as well as wind speed and fuel burning rate. The restriction in air entrainment under conditions of large flame drag greatly increased flame length, particularly at high wind speeds, and should also be considered in future correlations.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationConstruction; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21276928
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Record identifier80422b92-165e-4b5d-b1b7-8cf02859bc4c
Record created2015-11-10
Record modified2016-05-09
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