Simulation of pump–probe spectroscopy of a highly-charged diatomic molecule : Role of intermediate charged states and electronic and vibrational excitation in the multiple ionization of Cl2 and strong-field spectroscopy of Cl23+

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1063/1.1506684
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TypeArticle
Journal titleThe Journal Of Chemical Physics
Volume117
Issue15
Pages69917001; # of pages: 11
Subjectchlorine; digital simulation; ionisation; photoionisation; positive ions; rotational-vibrational energy transfer; vibrational states
AbstractThis paper is a theoretical study of the effect of a pulsed ir laser on a neutral Cl2Cl2 molecule, leading to the creation of highly-charged molecular ions. We also develop a new quantum-mechanical model for the ionization of diatomic molecules in the tunneling regime. We consider the effects of the pump pulse duration and also the wavelength of the probe laser on the trication Cl3+2Cl23+ which is metastable, and consider how an experiment could be performed which would lead to the observation of its vibrational spectrum. The treatment considers nuclear wave packet dynamics which begin with vertical ionization from neutral Cl2Cl2 to Cl2+2,Cl22+, includes dynamics arising from the intermediate charged state Cl2+2,Cl22+, and electronic excitation and dissociation from the trication Cl3+2.Cl23+. The dynamical simulations of a pump–probe experiment show modulated signals which can be Fourier-transformed to yield vibrational spectra. The quality of the modulated signal changes dramatically at an intermediate (relative to the vibrational period) pump pulse duration (at ca. 50 fs). Analysis of this effect shows how to maximize the probability of observing a simple vibrational spectrum for a highly charged diatomic created in a laser field.
Publication date
PublisherAIP Publishing
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; NRC Steacie Institute for Molecular Sciences
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number12338624
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Record identifier80c1c0d3-183d-475e-92bc-addcdb2b60a8
Record created2009-09-10
Record modified2016-05-09
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