Membrane fluidity and fatty acid comparisons in psychrotrophic and mesophilic strains of Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans under cold growth temperatures

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1007/s00203-010-0629-x
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TypeArticle
Journal titleArchives of Microbiology
Volume192
Issue12
Pages10051018; # of pages: 14
SubjectAcid mine drainage; Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans; Adaptation; Cold stress; Membrane fluidity
AbstractPsychrotrophic strains of Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans have an important role inmetal leaching and acid mine drainage (AMD) production in colder mining environments. We investigated cytoplasmic membrane fluidity and fatty acid alterations in response to low temperatures (5 and 15°C). Significant differences inmembrane fluidity,measured by polarization (P) of 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene (DPH), were found where the psychrotrophic strains had a significantlymore rigidmembrane (P range =0.41–0.45) and lower transition temperature midpoints (Tm = 2.0°C) and broader transition range than the mesophilic strains (P range = 0.38–0.39; Tm = 2.0–18°C) at cold temperatures. Membrane remodeling was evident in all strains with a common trend of increased unsaturated fatty acid component in response to lower growth temperatures. In psychrotrophic strains, decreases in 12:0 fatty acids distinguished the 5°C fatty acid profiles from those of the mesophilic strains that showed decreases in 16:0, 17:0, and cyclo-19:0 fatty acids. These changes were also correlated with the observed changes in membrane fluidity (R2 = 63–97%). Psychrotrophic strains employ distinctive modulation of cytoplasmic membrane fluidity with uncommon membrane phase changes as part of their adaptation to the extreme AMD environment in colder climates.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNRC Institute for Biological Sciences; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number17514319
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Record identifier80c9bdb6-2953-42ef-a3c2-8d9fb630c0d9
Record created2011-03-30
Record modified2016-05-09
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