Infrared spectroscopic identification of patients with Beta-Thalassemia

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1373/49.7.1125
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TypeArticle
Journal titleClinical Chemistry
Volume49
Issue7
Pages11251132; # of pages: 8
AbstractBackground: The aim of this study was to investigate the potential of infrared (IR) spectroscopy as a fast and reagent-free adjunct tool in the diagnosis and screening of β-thalassemia. Methods: Blood was obtained from 56 patients with β-thalassemia major, 1 patient with hemoglobin H disease, and 35 age-matched controls. Hemolysates of blood samples were centrifuged to remove stroma. IR absorption spectra were recorded for duplicate films dried from 5 μL of hemolysate. Differentiation between the two groups of hemoglobin spectra was by two statistical methods: an unsupervised cluster analysis and a supervised linear discriminant analysis (LDA). Results: The IR spectra revealed changes in the secondary structure of hemoglobin from β-thalassemia patients compared with that from controls, in particular, a decreased α-helix content, an increased content of parallel and antiparallel β-sheets, and changes in the tyrosine ring absorption band. The hemoglobin from β-thalassemia patients also showed an increase in the intensity of the IR bands from the cysteine −SH groups. The unsupervised cluster analysis, statistically separating spectra into different groups according to subtle IR spectral differences, allowed separation of control hemoglobin from β-thalassemia hemoglobin spectra, based mainly on differences in protein secondary structure. The supervised LDA method provided 100% classification accuracy for the training set and 98% accuracy for the validation set in partitioning control and β-thalassemia samples. Conclusion: IR spectroscopy holds promise in the clinical diagnosis and screening of β-thalassemia.
Publication date
PublisherAmerican Association for Clinical Chemistry (AACC)
AffiliationNRC Institute for Biodiagnostics; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number1994
NPARC number9147779
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Record identifier812b67c6-fd84-4ac4-8660-61c284a2f2ca
Record created2009-06-25
Record modified2016-08-15
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