Evidence for the occurrence of photorespiration in synurophyte algae

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1007/s11120-011-9639-z
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Journal titlePhotosynthesis Research
Pages251256; # of pages: 6
SubjectCarbon concentrating mechanism; Chrysophyte; Mallomonas; Mass spectrometry; Photorespiration; Photosynthesis; Synura; Tessellaria
AbstractThe fluxes of CO 2 and oxygen during photosynthesis by cell suspensions of Tessellaria volvocina and Mallomonas papillosa were monitored mass spectrometrically. There was no rapid uptake of CO 2, only a slow drawdown to compensation concentrations of 26 lM for T. volvocina and 18 lM for M. papillosa, when O 2 evolution ceased, indicating a lack of active bicarbonate uptake by the cells. Darkening of the cells after a period of photosynthesis did not cause rapid release of CO 2, indicating the absence of an intracellular inorganic carbon pool. However, upon darkening a brief burst of CO 2 was observed similar to the post-illumination burst characteristic of C3 higher plants. Treatment of the cells of both species with the membrane-permeable carbonic anhydrase inhibitor ethoxyzolamide had no adverse effect on photosynthetic rate, but stimulated the dark CO 2 burst indicating the dark oxidation of a compound formed in the light. In the absence of any active accumulation of inorganic carbon photosynthesis in these species should be inhibited by O 2. This was investigated in four synurophyte species T. volvocina, M. papillosa, Synura petersenii, and Synura uvella: Photosynthetic O 2 evolution rates in all four algae, measured by O 2 electrode, were significantly higher (40-50%) in media at low O 2 (4%) than in airequilibrated (21% O 2) media, indicating an O 2 inhibition of photosynthesis (Warburg effect) and thus the occurrence of photorespiration in these species. © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011.
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AffiliationNational Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
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NPARC number19709133
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Record identifier8149335f-04ee-4887-8248-717683f55289
Record created2012-04-02
Record modified2016-05-09
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