Microfluidic integration of a cloth-based hybridization array system (CHAS) for rapid, colorimetric detection of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) using an articulated, centrifugal platform

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1021/acs.analchem.5b03085
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TypeArticle
Journal titleAnalytical Chemistry
ISSN0003-2700
AbstractWe describe the translation of a cloth-based hybridization array system (CHAS)—a colorimetric DNA detection method that is used by food inspection laboratories for colony screening of pathogenic agents—onto a microfluidic chip format. We also introduce an articulated centrifugal platform with a novel fluid manipulation concept based on changes in the orientation of the chip with respect to the centrifugal force field to time the passage of multiple components required for the process. The platform features two movable and motorized carriers that can be reoriented on demand between 0 and 360° during stage rotation. Articulation of the chip can be used to trigger on-the-fly fluid dispensing through independently addressable siphon structures or to relocate solutions against the centrifugal force field, making them newly accessible for downstream transfer. With the microfluidic CHAS, we achieved significant reduction in the size of the cloth substrate as well as the volume of reagents and wash solutions. Both the chip design and the operational protocol were optimized to perform the entire process in a reliable, fully-automated fashion. A demonstration with PCR-amplified genomic DNA confirms on-chip detection and identification of Escherichia coli O157:H7 from colony isolates in a colorimetric multiplex assay using rfbO157, fliCH7, vt1, and vt2 genes.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationMedical Devices; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21276381
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Record identifier8297f9ba-0d6b-44aa-99fa-4c0ce5780a62
Record created2015-10-07
Record modified2016-05-09
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