Tubular daylighting devices : development and validation of a thermal model (1415-RP)

Alternative titleTubular daylighting devices—Development and validation of a thermal model (1415-RP)
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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1080/10789669.2013.803400
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TypeArticle
Journal titleHVAC and R Research
Volume19
Issue5
Pages513535; # of pages: 23
SubjectTubular daylighting device; lightpipe; skylight; thermal model
AbstractThis article presents the development and validation of a simplified model to compute the thermal characteristics (solar heat gain coefficient and thermal conductance (U-factor)) and surface temperatures of tubular daylighting devices. The model takes into account the three modes of heat transfer: conduction, convection, and surface-to-surface radiation. A one-dimensional heat conduction model is applied to tubular daylight device glazing layers. The convective heat transfer from tubular daylight device surfaces to their adjacent air spaces uses existing correlations for natural flows in enclosed air cavities and free stream air spaces. A zonal model, in which the pipe air space is divided into a number of thermally stacked zones, is used to predict the vertical average temperature distribution in the air cavity and wall surface of pipe. Thermal radiation exchange among surfaces uses the formulation of the form factor applied to the aforementioned zonal model. An iterative sequential procedure is proposed to solve the temperature distribution in tubular daylight device glazing layers and air cavities. The U-factor predictions of the simplified model are compared with the National Fenestration Rating Council certified product rating measurement data and detailed computational fluid dynamic simulations. Four tubular daylight device products are simulated under the National Fenestration Rating Council standard rating conditions for the residential (insulation at ceiling level) and commercial (insulation at roof level) settings. The temperatures of the tubular daylight device glazing layers and vertical temperature distribution inside the pipe air space are also compared with the computational fluid dynamic simulations. The results show that the U-factor predictions of the simplified model are in good agreement with the measurement data and computational fluid dynamic simulations, within a maximum deviation of 15% for both the residential and commercial rating conditions.
Publication date
PublisherTaylor and Francis
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationConstruction; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number55315
NPARC number21268573
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Record identifier84c6f686-0188-4586-b77e-e34ea21d8764
Record created2013-10-10
Record modified2016-05-09
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