Studies on cellulose hydrolysis by Acetivibrio cellulolyticus

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Journal titleApplied and Environmental Microbiology
Pages243248; # of pages: 6
AbstractAcetivibrio cellulolyticus extracellular cellulase extensively hydrolyzed crystalline celluloses such as Avicel (FMC Corp., Food and Pharmaceutical Products Div., Philadelphia, Pa.) but only if it was desalted and supplemented with Ca. The Ca effect was one of increased enzyme stability in the presence of the ion. Although preincubation of the cellulase complex at 40 degrees C for 5 h without added Ca had a negligible effect on endoglucanase activity or on the subseqent hydrolysis of amorphous cellulose, the capacity of the enzyme to hydrolyze crystalline cellulose was almost completely lost. Adsorption studies showed that 90% of the Avicel-solubilizing component of the total enzyme preparation bound to 2% Avicel at 40 degrees C. Under these conditions, only 15% of the endoglucanase and 25% of the protein present in the enzyme preparation adsorbed to the substrate. The protein profile of the bound enzyme, as analyzed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, was complex and distinctly different from the profile observed for total cellulase preparations. The specific activity of A. cellulolyticus cellulase with respect to Avicel hydrolysis was compared with that of commercially available Trichoderma reesei cellulase.
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AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; NRC Institute for Biological Sciences
Peer reviewedNo
NPARC number9365587
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Record identifier854abb2e-d615-4077-bbf0-acf0a7b48614
Record created2009-07-10
Record modified2016-05-09
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