Solid-state 17O NMR of pharmaceutical compounds : salicylic acid and aspirin

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Journal titleThe Journal of Physical Chemistry B
Pages96439654; # of pages: 12
AbstractWe report solid-state NMR characterization of the 17O quadrupole coupling (QC) and chemical shift (CS) tensors in five site-specifically 17O-labeled samples of salicylic acid and o-acetylsalicylic acid (Aspirin). High-quality 17O NMR spectra were obtained for these important pharmaceutical compounds under both static and magic angle spinning (MAS) conditions at two magnetic fields, 14.0 and 21.1 T. A total of 14 17O QC and CS tensors were experimentally determined for the seven oxygen sites in salicylic acid and Aspirin. Although both salicylic acid and Aspirin form hydrogen bonded cyclic dimers in the solid state, we found that the potential curves for the concerted double proton transfer in these two compounds are significantly different. In particular, while the double-well potential curve in Aspirin is nearly symmetrical, it is highly asymmetrical in salicylic acid. This difference results in quite different temperature dependencies in 17O MAS spectra of the two compounds. A careful analysis of variabletemperature 17O MAS NMR spectra of Aspirin allowed us to obtain the energy asymmetry (ΔE) of the double-well potential, ΔE = 3.0 ± 0.5 kJ/mol. We were also able to determine a lower limit of ΔE for salicylic acid, ΔE > 10 kJ/mol. These asymmetrical features in potential energy curves were confirmed by plane-wave DFT computations, which yielded ΔE = 3.7 and 17.8 kJ/mol for Aspirin and salicylic acid, respectively. To complement the solid-state 17O NMR data, we also obtained solid-state 1H and 13C NMR spectra for salicylic acid and Aspirin. Using experimental NMR parameters obtained for all magnetic nuclei present in salicylic acid and Aspirin, we found that plane-wave DFT computations can produce highly accurate NMR parameters in welldefined crystalline organic compounds.
Publication date
AffiliationMeasurement Science and Standards; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NRC numberNRC-MSS-ja-2013-05176x
NPARC number21268752
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Record identifier8587d41a-7d86-4a7e-b35e-e9609b743dbe
Record created2013-11-12
Record modified2016-05-09
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